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BIOL 206. Introductory Microbiology

Credits: 4
Department: Biology
Description: Survey of microorganisms with emphasis on general principles in allied health and medicine. (May not be taken for credit if credit has been received for BIOL 362).
Prerequisites: One of BIOL 151, BIOL 202, BIOL 204, and one of CHEM 151, CHEM 160, or CHEM 210
Semester Offered:
  • Fall
  • Spring
  • Summer
Grading Method: ABCDF
Lab: Lab

Student Learning Outcomes

1. Discuss the contributions of microbes to the environment, the characteristics of the major groups, their interactions with human, and the role of microbes in food production and other commerce.
2. Explain the use of microscopy to visualize and characterize microbes, staining procedures, how differential stains help define organisms, and the appropriate use of the light microscope.
3. Describe the major anatomical features of bacteria and explain the importance of various bacterial structures in enhancing the interaction of these organisms with other living organisms including humans. When appropriate, describe how structures contribute to disease production in humans.
4. Explain how bacteria adapt to their environment, the nutrients necessary for their survival, how they survive in different oxygen tensions, how energy is produced, the types of respiration, and how biochemical tests can be used to identify bacteria species.
5. Explain how gene transfer can occur in asexual bacteria, how drug resistance may arise, how bacterial metabolism is linked to genetics, and how we can determine if a compound is a mutagen using bacteria.
6. Using appropriate terminology, describe various levels of control for microbes, the chemical and physical agents of control, and the limitations of various control methods.
7. Explain the difference between archae and eubacteria, how bacterial species are defined, the methods used to isolate and characterize different bacterial species, and the foundation of bacterial nomenclature.
8. Explain the taxonomic differences in these three groups, the potential economic importance of algae, the structure and function of lichens, and the importance of life cycles in understanding the disease process and control and protozoans.
9. Describe how viruses are classified, how the host reproduces these agents, the role of viruses in cancer, and the changes that occur in host cells and tissues due to viral infections.
10. Explain the importance of epidemiology in controlling infectious disease, the mechanisms by which microbes are transmitted between hosts or from the environment, the difference in insects as mechanical carriers or biological vectors of disease.

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